Deploying a branch
Before merging your PR, it’s recommended that you deploy the change to
Integration in order to test it works on real infrastructure. Go to the
Deploy_Puppet job in Jenkins and click ‘Build with
TAG field should contain the name of the branch you wish to
Deploying a release
You can deploy Puppet to Staging and Production using the following steps:
- In the Release app, select the release tag and review the changes listed.
- If your change on integration appears as expected, deploy a newer version of govuk-puppet to staging by using the Deploy to Staging button.
- Wait 30 minutes or read about convergence. You should monitor Staging Icinga and Staging Smokey, and test anything you’re concerned about.
- Repeat the above steps for Production.
To restart the server, run
sudo service puppetserver restart.
The deployment only pushes the new code to the Puppet Master. Each node runs a Puppet agent every 30 minutes (via cron), so it may be some time before the release takes effect. This has an implication on how quickly you can go from staging to production.
If you’d rather not wait and you’re able to safely determine from the diff what classes of machines the change will affect, you can use Fabric to force a run of Puppet. For example:
fab $environment class:frontend_lb class:backend_lb puppet
This will run in serial across the nodes so there is a reduced chance of downtime caused by a service restarting on all nodes of a given class at the same time. You should still be careful though, because some services take longer to restart than others.
Preventing service restarts
It may occassionally be neccessary to trick Puppet into not restarting a service, if it is a single point of failure and doing so would cause a brief outage, e.g. MySQL.
This is not a “normal” procedure. You should only do this if you need to and you MUST have some plan for restarting the service in the near future so that it’s not inconsistent with its configuration.
- Disable normal Puppet runs on the affected nodes:
fab $environment class:mysql_master puppet.disable:'Preventing service restart'
- Change the file content to match what Puppet wants it to be. If it’s
a plain file you can probably apply the diff from git using
sudo patch source.diff dest. If it’s a template then you may need to refer to an existing environment or figure it out yourself.
- Verify that Puppet won’t change the file or notify the service by
running it in
noopmode. You will need to provide a different lock path to bypass the disable:
govuk_puppet --noop --test --agent_disabled_lockfile=/tmp/puppet.noop
- If you’re happy with the results then re-enable Puppet and run it again:
fab $environment class:mysql_master puppet.enable puppet
- Schedule a time to actually restart the service if necessary.