SSH into machines
This document explains how to SSH into machines, and what commands exist to navigate machines and applications quickly. We use a tool called GOV.UK Connect to make this easier.
If you know the class of machine you want, you can SSH straight from the command line:
$ gds govuk connect -e staging ssh cache
This will automatically SSH into a random
cache machine on AWS. To see all classes, run:
$ gds govuk connect -e staging ssh *
You can also start a Rails Console on a remote server, from your local machine:
$ gds govuk connect -e staging app-console publishing-api
For a full list of commands, run
gds govuk connect --help.
Sometimes you might try to ssh into a server and nothing happens. Double-check that you
have added the key into the keychain like so:
ssh-add -K ~/.ssh/id_rsa.
Make sure you have been granted access. For example, if you have yet to be granted access to production, your attempt to SSH into a production node will fail silently.
GOV.UK Connect is a tool we use to make working with our machines quicker and easier. If it’s not working, you can try manually running the commands it normally runs for you.
SSH to the jumpbox.
sh $ ssh -A jumpbox.staging.govuk.digital
On the jumpbox, run
govuk_node_listto find the machine you want.
$ govuk_node_list backend ip-10-12-4-106.eu-west-1.compute.internal ip-10-12-5-205.eu-west-1.compute.internal ip-10-12-6-44.eu-west-1.compute.internal
- Still on the jumpbox, SSH to one of the machines in the list.
$ ssh ip-10-12-4-106.eu-west-1.compute.internal
- Once you’re on the machine you need, you can start a Rails console.
$ govuk_app_console publishing-api
These common commands, along with
govuk_node_list, live in