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Last updated: 5 Apr 2022

Manually resize EBSs (elastic block store)

In AWS, we use Elastic Block Store (EBS) to attach additional block storage to EC2 instances.

EBS is not the same thing as Elastic File System (EFS), which is more like a shared NFS volume and does not need to be manually resized.

Manually scaling up

Note: EBS volumes can only be grown, not shrunk, so you should make sure to raise a PR against govuk-aws-data once it’s all working to ensure that Terraform doesn’t attempt (and fail) to shrink the volume when deployed.

  1. Access the AWS Console and go to the EC2 service.

  2. Select “Volumes”, from the “Elastic Block Store” menu on the left hand side and find the right volume in the list (you can filter on the name).

Filtering EBS volumes

  1. Select “Modify Volume” from the “Actions” list and enter the new size.

Modifying an EBS volume

  1. Click “Modify”.

  2. Wait for the volume to resize. The state in the “Description” tab at the bottom will say “optimizing” and display a percentage. This will take a while.

EBS volume status

  1. SSH into the EC2 instance and check that the volume has resized:
   $ lsblk
   nvme0n1                259:0    0    20G  0 disk
   └─nvme0n1p1            259:1    0    20G  0 part /
   nvme1n1                259:2    0   460G  0 disk
   └─graphite-data (dm-0) 252:0    0   450G  0 lvm  /opt/graphite

You might need to reboot before the new space shows up.

If you are growing a regular partition

See these docs and add some instructions here.

If you are growing an LVM volume

  1. Grow the LVM physical volume to fill the empty space:
   $ sudo pvresize /dev/nvme1n1
     Physical volume "/dev/nvme1n1" changed
     1 physical volume(s) resized / 0 physical volume(s) not resized

Where /dev/nvme1n1 is the device name from lsblk.

  1. Grow the LVM logical volume to fill the empty space:
   $ sudo lvresize -l +100%FREE /dev/graphite/data
     Extending logical volume data to 460.00 GiB
     Logical volume data successfully resized

Where /dev/graphite/data is the path to your logical volume.

  1. Grow the filesystem to fill the empty space:
   $ sudo resize2fs /dev/graphite/data
   resize2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014)
   Filesystem at /dev/graphite/data is mounted on /opt/graphite; on-line resizing required
   old_desc_blocks = 29, new_desc_blocks = 29
   The filesystem on /dev/graphite/data is now 120585216 blocks long.

Where /dev/graphite/data is the path to your logical volume.