Make a new document type available to search
Any document type that the Publishing API knows about can be added to our internal search. By default, all document types in internal search also get included in the GOV.UK sitemap, which tells external search engines about our content.
The app responsible for search is Search API. Search API listens to RabbitMQ messages about published documents to know when to index documents. For the new document type to be indexed, you need to add it to a whitelist.
1. Decide what fields you want to make available to search
Search API has its own concept of document type, which represents the schema used to store documents in Elasticsearch (the search engine). Normally, you’ll map your document type to an existing Search API document type. If in doubt, use “edition”, as this is used for most documents. Then, modify mapped_document_types.yml with the mapping from the publishing api document type.
If you want search to be able to use metadata that isn’t defined in an any Search API document type, then you’ll need to add new fields to Search API.
Search API knows how to handle most of the core fields from the publishing
public_updated_at. It looks at the
parts fields to work out what text to make searchable. If your
schema uses different fields to render the text of the page, update the
IndexableContentPresenter as well.
The part of Search API that translates between Publishing API fields and search fields is ElasticsearchPresenter. Modify this if there is anything special you want search to do with your documents (for example: appending additional information to the title).
2. Add the document type to migrated_formats.yaml
Add the document_type name to the
migrated list in Search
If your new document uses an existing schema, this is not necessary.
govuk index following the instructions in
Reindex an Elasticsearch index.
4. Republish all the documents
Republish all the documents. If they have been published already, you can republish them with the Publishing API represent_downstream rake task:
$ rake represent_downstream:document_type[new_document_type]
You can test that the documents appear in search through the API using a query such as: